白家柱律师事务所

Tony Pak (commercial lawyer)

股东协议常见问题系列问答之五

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做为一个商业律师事务所,有时我们会特别关注一些有关商业方面的文章。很不幸,我们发现在我们的社区,有些人,有时还包括一些专业人士,对公司股权方面存在误解,特别是对股东的角色和股票的价值评估方法存在一些相当错误的理解。因此在这期常见问答之后,我们会特别就大家容易误解的部分做个系列,我们希望借此平台能让大家多知道一些加拿大的商业法律知识,以避免不必要的法律纠纷。我们的其他关于商业地产和普通民宅的交易的系列问答也在地产类別同步更新中。 请注意这里只是为了起到普及法律常识的目的。读者不要以此做为法律意见。The following is for educational purposes only.  Do not treat it as or rely on it as legal advice or a legal opinion. If you want to share this post, please make sure you share everything including this disclaimer.

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问题#10: 股东是否能保证在固定的时间里收到股息?

Are shareholders guaranteed to receive dividends regularly?

答案: 回答是不。通常是Directors 决定是否发股息,除非股东协议另有指示

No.  Directors determine whether to issue dividends unless this is a decision assigned to shareholders by a SHA.

问题#11: 股东协议和公司成立文件,哪个应优先考虑?

Which takes precedence, the SHA or the articles of incorporation?

答案:    股东协议可以优先考虑,但是如果和公司成立文件有冲突时,公司articles必须要更新,但是是复杂和需要付出费用的。

The SHA can take precedence over the articles but, if it does and there’s a conflict, the articles would need to be amended which can be complex and expensive.

问题#12: 在一个私人控股的公司,如果其中一个股东去逝,他的股份要如何处理?

What happens to shares of a private company when a shareholder dies?

答案: 如果沒有股东协议,股份就要被转给股东的授益人。这也意味着现有股东不得不与去逝股东的配偶,孩子或其他人合作。

Without a SHA, the shares go to the shareholder’s beneficiary which means that the remaining shareholder could be forced to work with the deceased’s kids, spouse, etc.

By: Pak Law (商业律师—白家柱律师事务所) practises in corporate and commercial law.

我们事务所位于多伦多和万锦市交界处.

Our practice includes mergers and acquistions, commercial real estate, commercial leasing, franchises, share transfers and shareholder agreements.

Read our 5-star reviews on Google.

www.paklawoffice.ca

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