嘉德理财

【嘉德理财】小生意报税需要注意哪些方面?

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报税季,由于小生意报税比个人报税要复杂,不少人都会很焦虑,害怕误报漏报而导致税局查税。有的人也会疑惑,加拿大那么多纳税人,为什么查税偏偏选中自己呢?其实税局会找上你,肯定是有其根据的。

首先,其实每年报税结束后,税局的电脑系统会根据报税数据自动过滤分类,根据同行业、同区域的数值自动计算出平均值,比如你是地产经纪,年收入20万,系统会自动将类似收入的地产经纪归类在一起,然后计算出生意开支花销的平均值,如果你的开支花销远高于平均值或是其中的某一项开销远高于平均值,那么系统很有可能自动将你的名字列入黑名单。

被系统列入黑名单只是第一步,接下来就会有人工筛选环节,税局的审计官会根据报税数据筛选出最有审计潜力的对象,而最可能追回税款的人都是审计官的目标客户。

由于调查是需要成本的,一般情况下这个成本不低于$1,000。所以一般来说,如果偷税漏税数额只有几百加币,那么很有可能不会找你麻烦,因为得不偿失。但如果数额大于$1,000,那么很大程度就会被税局盯上,而审计官则会根据不同的级别发出审计通知。

几年前发生过这样的案例,华人夫妻接手一家餐厅,第一次做生意没什么经验,报税时找朋友帮忙,朋友给支招,可以少报收入多报成本,报了生意亏损,自然不用纳税。第二年没报亏损,但也没报赢利,收入支出持平,又省了很多税。到了第三年,税局找上门了,说他们夫妻偷税,不但要补,还要罚,分期付款还了6万多。

为什么会被税局调查员盯上呢?其实是买房惹的祸。他们的生意连年亏损,那么买房的钱是从哪里来的呢?这对夫妻买了房,明显净资产增加了,但是却没有合理的净资产增加的来源,税局当然会盯着了。这是税局查税惯用的净资产评估法。必须提醒大家,对于涉及现金较多的生意,如餐馆,杂货店,咖啡店,装修等,在报净收入时应注意与一年全家生活开销相符。

除了净资产评估,生意连年亏损也会引起注意。一般而言,拿T4工资的纳税人,省税的机会较少,所以有些人以做小生意为名,用自雇生意的亏损来减少整体的应纳税收入,但一般这样持续两至三年后,税局就要查这个亏损的自雇生意是否是真实存在的。

每年都会有人因不守规矩而被税局调查,出了问题轻则罚款,重则坐牢。为了避免税局查税,嘉德理财建议,守规矩就是减少麻烦的最好方法。因此大家必须树立良好的税务意识,自觉遵守税法规定缴纳税款。

如需更多信息,欢迎联系我们。更多话题,请浏览公司网站:www.jdlwealth.com或关注微博:嘉德集团_多伦多生活小百科。

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