Jason Wang, Best Ottawa GMAT Tutor http://jasonwangto.wixsite.com/gmat

加拿大最大英语学习网络社区群主, 资深GMAT/GRE顶级商学院申请辅导专家

2016年11月3日雅思考试解析与范文(一): city and town

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Task:Many towns and cities constructed in previous centuries are suitable for life at that time, and cause many problems today. Describe the problems it may cause and give the possible solution.

解析:
这是一道report类作文题,不需要考生就某个观点展开讨论,但要求考生描写一种现象及其产生的问题,然后提出解决方案,与通常意义上的报告有些类似,因此我们将这种题型定义为report题型。
如何描写某一现象/事物可能引起的问题?或者说,我们应该从哪些方面去寻找这些问题?现在即将给大家一个示范,看看“三层次”理论究竟如何具体使用。本题涉及的问题是:以前的城市都是按照当时的历史条件和生活需求来建造的,现在产生了很多问题,如何解决这些问题?
物质层次:衣食住行。过去不需要大型超市,现在需要;过去不需要宽阔的街道,现在需要;过去不需要地铁和机场,现在需要。这些属于物质层次的范畴。
心理层次:休闲娱乐。过去不需要高级电影院,现在需要;过去不需要公共图书馆/博物馆,现在需要;过去不需要大型广场,现在需要。这些属于心理层次的范畴。
社会层次:环境与社会。过去不需要区分居住区、工业区和商业区,现在需要;过去(也许)不需要城市中心花园,现在需要;过去不需要废品回收站,现在需要。这些属于社会层次的范畴。
大家看看,如果我们有一条明确的思维线索,我们就不会再感觉头脑空空,或者感觉头脑混乱,按照这个思路写下去,既有很多内容,又能确保逻辑性,同时解决“无话可说”和“思绪混乱”两大写作难题。
Sample answer:
Many cities and towns built a few hundred years ago have become obsolete now, no matter how brilliant they used to be, for they are no longer suitable for life today.

In my view, these cities and towns may cause three kinds of problems. At the basic level, they can no longer provide satisfactory conditions for our modern existence. A bit more than 100 years ago, people did not use buses or cars, so the city did not have broad streets; people did not travel by train or airplane, so the city was not equipped with any railway station or airport; most people shopped in the stores near their homes, so the city did not have to have shopping malls or supermarkets. As more and more people rush into urban areas, the city has expanded with the population, and modern urban people would find themselves unable to survive without the broad streets, the train, the airplane and the supermarket. Meanwhile, cities and towns built centuries ago do not have enough entertainment and sports facilities available to contemporary city dwellers who, relieved of the manual labor by the technological advances, suddenly find they have a great amount of free time. For example, these cities and towns are not likely to have 3-D or IMAX movie theaters for movie fans, or huge stadiums for sports fans. Consequently, people may find their life in such cities and towns are most boring and tedious. Finally, the cities and towns constructed long time ago cannot possibly have anticipated the negative effects of environmental issues brought over by our modern life, so they usually have residence area, industrial area and business area all mixed up without separating them. This is, of course, unbearable to our urban life style today.

While the century-aged cities and towns may carry much cultural and historical value, they must be re-constructed in the interest of people living in them today. The city infrastructure must be reshaped and include such facilities as shopping centers, sports stadiums, wide streets and pavements and provide services like metro, train, and airplane. And to minimize the unfavorable effects of modern life on urban populace, the cities and towns should be set the areas apart by their respective functions.
(372 words)

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Jason Wang   MBA PMP CFA FRM

Schulich商学院MBA, 加拿大主要银行风险管理经理,前新东方GMAT/GRE、IELTS教师,资深GMAT/GRE、IELTS 考试和顶尖商学院申请辅导专家

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