购买特许经营生意时需要注意哪些法律问题(之二)

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当您有兴趣购买特许经营业务时,一般来说你会有两个选择:购买现有的特许经营权或加盟新的特许经营权。这两种不同的选择,将会产生不同的法律权利和义务。

首先,以加盟(购买)全新的特许经营权为例,特许人(franchisor)必须提供法律特别规定的披露文件(Disclosure Document)。当您签署特许经营协议(the  franchise agreement) 时,这时你可能(或不可能)被告知未来的营业场所; 另外特许经营者在特定条件得到满足的情况下,将获得经营许可年限的特许经营权和更新权。

其次,当购买现成特许经营生意( the purchase of an existing franchise)时 ,经特许人同意,新特许经营人(Franchise) 可以通过转让协议( assignment agreement) 向现有特许人购买资产( Assets),也可以与特许人签订新的特许经营协议( new franchise agreement)而获得特许经营权。在购买现成生意这种情况下,新加盟商对于特许人和现有特许经营商间存在的权利和义务应当慎重听取专业人士的意见。比如,交易的结构是否使新的加盟商有权获得特许人的披露声明(disclosure statement)?新加盟商是否有义务向特许人支付初始特许经营费用(initial franchise fee) ?新加盟商是否为现有加盟商的商誉(goodwill)支付任何费用?
注:以上文章只是为了作为一般的讨论,读者不能完全以持依靠它作为法律建议。原文为英文,由黄云峰律师事务所提供。

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Suppose you are interested in purchasing a franchise business, you can purchase either an existing franchise or a new franchise.  These two options give rise to different rights and obligations.

For the purchase of a new franchise, the franchisor must provide a disclosure document the content of which is specified by the statute.  The business site may (or may not) be known at the time when you sign the franchise agreement.  Franchisee will receive the right to operate the franchised business for the standard term for a number of years and the right of renewal if certain conditions are met.

For the purchase of an existing franchise, with the franchisor’s consent, the new franchisee buys the assets from the existing franchisee either through an assignment agreement or enters into a new franchise agreement with the franchisor.  It is highly advisable that the new franchisee retains professional advice as to its rights and obligations with respect to the franchisor and the existing franchisee.  For example, is the deal structured so that the new franchisee is entitled to the franchisor’s disclosure statement?  Is the new franchisee obligated to pay an initial franchise fee to the franchisor?  Does the new franchisee pay any price for goodwill of the existing franchisee?

联络方法
Rebecca Huang* and Associates Barristers
330 Bay Street, Suite 311
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5H 2S8
電話 : 416.306.8450
傳真 : 416.306.8451
*(Rebecca Huang Professional Corporation) 提供法律服务
更多黄云峰诉讼律师事务所信息>>https://www.rh-law.ca/

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