什么是 Trackback?如何使用?

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您在发表或编辑文章的时候可能看到了在编辑器下方有一个 的选项,这是个什么东西?

什么是 TrackBack 地址?

Trackback,中文称作“引用通告”,简称“引用”。用处就是通知被你所引用的日志:“你引用了它”。在博客中,每发表一篇文章,系统都会匹配一个 Trackback 地址。这样博客之间就通过 Trackback 互相连接了起来,因此有人将此功能称为“思想的桥梁”。

举个例子来说明一下。比如我在张三的博客中看了一篇我感兴趣的文章,对这篇文章我自己有一些看法,如果按照传统 BBS 的做法,我需要在这篇文章下发表自己的评论,但这样做的话我的文字只能存在于张三的网站上,我无法再维护自己的这篇评论;另一个情况是:我在自己的博客中写了一篇与张三不同观点的文章,我希望张三也能来看一看我的这篇。传统 BBS 的习惯是在他的文章下发一篇回复,在其中贴上我的文章地址。在博客中使用 Trackback “引用”功能,一切就变的简单多了。

如何使用 Trackback?

要采用 Tackback 的方式引用某篇文章,您需要先找到该篇文章的 Trackback 地址。在无忧博客,每篇文章下方都有一个“Trackback”字样的链接,用鼠标右键点击“Trackback”链接,选择“复制快捷方式”,如下图:

未命名-3.gif

这样,您就获得了该文章的 Tackback 地址,如本文的 Trackback 地址就是:http://blog.51.ca/faq/wp-tb.php?p=108

然后,您在管理后台打开编辑器,在编辑器下方的 Tackbacks 中复制以上的链接地址(多个路径用空格分隔), 如图:

未命名-4.gif

(注:无忧博客为防止 Trackback spam,修改了 Tackback 链接名称,与默认的 Wordpress 形式略有不同)

这样,您发表文章后,被引用的文章下方就会自动添加上的您的评论信息了,如下图:

未命名-5.gif

使用 Trackback 的好处

Trackback 的使用和一般的在文章后留言相比,主要有以下两点好处:

  1. 您可以方便地维护您的留言。传统的留言方式,您在发表以后不能编辑和删除,处理权掌握在您回复的文章的作者手中,而使用 Trackback,您可以随时更改和删除,因为从根本上说,这个留言是您自己的博客上的文章,当然可由您来处理和维护;
  2. 通过 Tackback,可以将您的博客和其他的相关网站有机地联系起来,更有效地推广您的网站。

如何防止他人采用 Trackback 的方式引用我的文章?

发布文章的人都是希望有反响,一般来说,有人评论和引用是一件颇有“成就感”的事情,但世事无绝对,因为网络是一个虚拟的世界,各类的声音都有,如果您不希望听到那些很难听的评论,您可以选择删除它,或者直接关闭它。如果您不希望您的文章被 Trackback,在发布或编辑文章时,在“讨论”选项中取消“允许 Pings”就可以了。如下图:

未命名-6.gif

以上是 Trackback 的介绍,如果有需要,您可以试试,也许会发现:博客世界确实很精彩 :)

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