008【南京大屠杀】

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【南京大屠杀】


搜索《人民日报》的历史数据库,会发现在毛泽东时代的大部分时间里,《人民日报》上都没有出现过有关[南京大屠杀]的文章。


全文搜索“南京大屠杀”,在《人民日报》(1946-2012)中一共出现过856次。其中,
1946至1960年5月:21 次;
1960年5月-1982年6月:零次;
1982年6月至今:835次。

毛泽东时代很少提及【南京大屠杀】的原因


那么,在毛泽东时代,[南京大屠杀]不被频频提起,到底是因为什么呢?


为了寻找原因,有必要看一下:毛泽东时代过后,【南京大屠杀】的话题是如何被《人民日报》等中共官媒重新说起的。

在1982.07.24的《人民日报》上,同时出现了两篇和【南京大屠杀】有关的文章。其中一篇标题是“中华全国学联主席林炎志发表谈话 强烈要求日本文部省尊重历史事实”,另外一篇标题则是“日本侵略中国的历史不容篡改”。

这是泽东时代过后,【南京大屠杀】的话题首次在《人民日报》上出现。不知道各位看完这两篇文章的题目后,能联想到些什么。

解读出来的内容是:中国官媒之所以在那时再次谈起【南京大屠杀】,原因在于当时日本方面开始试图否认侵略中国的历史

再来看一篇1982.08.02《人民日报》文章,标题为《历史岂能篡改——日军南京大屠杀实录》
日本文部省最近在审定中、小学历史课本时,公然篡改日本军国主义侵略中国的历史,把当年日军对南京人民的大屠杀说成是“由于中国军队的激烈抵抗”。惨绝人寰的南京大屠杀发生在1937年12月,日军侵占南京城之后,在华中派遣军司令松井石根和第六师团长谷寿夫的指挥下,日军刽子手逢人就杀,见房就烧,进行了长达6周的血腥大屠杀。
……


在这篇文章中,我们不仅可以更具体地看到了日本通过让文部省更改教科书的手段、否认侵略历史、否认南京大屠杀的细节,而且还弄清楚了一个重要的时间节点:日本教科书对待【南京大屠杀】的态度是从82年开始改变的。


日本教科书问题

二战前,日本在教科书中对青少年进行的是军国主义教育,把青少年都培养成了为军国主义侵略卖命的“军国少年”和“军国少女”。

日本战败后,废除了之前“国定”的教科书,代之以《教育基本法》和《学校教育法》。

从那时起,日本中小学教科书改为由民间出版社编写、文部省审定。早期的教科书,出于对过去的反省,均能较客观地记述日本的侵略及其战争罪行,文部省的审定也较为宽松。


到了60年代后期,日本政府强令文部省修改教科书,严加限制历史教科书中提及日本的对外侵略及其战争罪行。编写高中教科书的家永三郎教授为此对文部省提出法律诉讼。1970年法院二审裁定文部省的审定违宪、违法,文部省对教科书的审定限制不得不收敛。

此后10年里,教科书中一直都有对于日本侵略及其战争罪行的客观记述。当然,这种情况并不是统治阶层甘心接受的。

1982年,日本掀起强令修改教科书的高潮,包括高中历史、政治、经济等社会学科在内,强令修改达600处之多。

再后来的1996年、2002年、2003年,日本又先后发生修改教科书的事件。

由此可见,在此之前,尤其是泽东时代,那时的日本政府在历史问题上的表现还算规矩;在教科书里还没有做手脚、没有否认侵略、没有否认【南京大屠杀】。

而今天,日本政府在历史问题上否认侵略、否认【南京大屠杀】。


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