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雅思听力中那些不可小觑的关系词

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一、关系词的定义和分类

关系词,即体现句子之间关系的词或词组。也有不少人称之为信号词,或者是连接词。不管在雅思听说读写四门中的任何一门都需要用到这类词,以使得句子更加流畅,句意更加明晰。分析认为,关系词可非分两大类:

1. 同向关系词

同向关系词,即用上此类词或词组,句子内部或句子间的方向没有发生改变,只是根据前面的句意进一步延伸和细化。将其归纳为:

举例关系词:for example, for instance, e.g., such as, like, takesth. forexample

类比关系词:like, alike, similar, same, as

选择,并列和递进关系词:or, eitheror, and, as well, also,besides, apart from, inaddition, whats more, furthermore, moreover (分号;)

表示由引起的,后接原因的词或词组:becausebecause ofas aresult of, as a consequence of,due to, result from, be attributed to, becontributed to, arise from, owing to,thanks to, in that

表示导致,后接结果的词或者词组:

so, therefore, thus, as a result, as a consequence,lead to,result in, attribute to, contribute to, give rise to, bring about,generate

总结关系词:in conclusion, to conclude, to sum up, in sum, all inall, inbrief

C也就可行了。说明答案不可能是BC中的任何一个,所以只能选A

因果与否定关系词: Cambridge 4 test 1 section 3

21. Melanie says she has not started the assignment because

A she was doing work for another course

B it was a really big assignment

C she hasnt spent time in the library.

本题特别需要注意否定关系词not 因果关系词because.不是考她开始作业的原因,而是不开始的原因;不是考她没做作业的结果,而是考原因解释。这里主要听否定词与原因表达句,且听到的原因应当要与事件对得上号,其他的就不用理会太多了。

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