铲雪机非使用季节保养及存放

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铲雪机不使用时保养非常重要,有的铲雪机因没保养,仅使用了一季,再次使用时很难发动,其实保养并不复杂,有两件事最为重要,一是抽干汽油箱里剩余汽油,以免汽油降解干涸后堵塞油路;二是更换发动机机油,以保障发动机正常润滑和运转,这和汽车换机油一样的道理。我的铲雪机已使用了近20年,感觉和新的一样,虽有电启动,但我总是用拉绳发动,一拉就着,好用极了!每年气候转暖不使用时我就花半小时做如下工作,供大家参考。

1. 用虹吸泵尽量吸干汽油箱里的汽油,然后发动机器将管路里的剩余汽油彻底烧干。

虹吸泵Siphon Pump 可以在Canadian Tire购买。

2. 更换机油:两冲程发动机使用混合汽油,没有机油箱,因此这步就不用做。

将下方的放油螺帽(螺塞)拧开,放掉脏油。!注意:脏机油不能倒入下水道或土地里,机油污染率非常惊人,每1升可污染100万升的水!脏机油可收集到刷窗水空瓶中,装满4升(我花了6年才装满)送到Canadian Tire回收。

倒入适量5W30发动机机油,油位在FULL和 ADD之间。

3.  清洁防锈润滑

用WD-40喷在易生锈和掉油漆的部位,活动关节用清润滑油润滑。

4. 做完上面的3个简单步骤,铲雪机就可收藏起来了,来年使用时就又如新的一样。

至此,大功告成。记得我第一次做保养时,觉得铲雪机应像汽车或割草机一样,还需更换或清洗发动机进气口的过滤网,可是在铲雪机上找不到,拿来手册仔细阅读,居然没提过滤网之事。后来调查发现,原来大多数铲雪机没有进气过滤网,因为铲雪时环境一般比较干净没有灰尘,可不需过滤网,再则若有过滤网,铲雪时飞扬的雪花会打湿过滤网,低温下反而会冻住进气口,导致发动机窒息。

顺便提一下,割草机割草时灰尘草屑飞扬,若长期不更换或清洗过滤网,会导致发动机窒息打不着火,这是个很常见的故障,另外,和铲雪机一样需要换机油。


王博新,多伦多知名地产经纪和投资人,曾荣获美加最大地产公司Re/Max全加拿大白金大奖, 加中地产总商会顶尖经纪, 加中置业销售总量冠军, 主席大奖, 绿钻大奖, 白金大奖。

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