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一颗破碎痛悔的心(诗篇51)

这是一篇英文讲道翻译。翻译中也加进去一点点没有完全表达出来的内容。

诗篇第五十一篇

诗 51:1〔大卫与拔示巴同室以后,先知拿单来见他;他作这诗,交与伶长。〕 神啊,求你按你的慈爱怜恤我!按你丰盛的慈悲涂抹我的过犯!

诗 51:2求你将我的罪孽洗除净尽,并洁除我的罪!

诗 51:3因为,我知道我的过犯;我的罪常在我面前。

诗 51:4我向你犯罪,惟独得罪了你;在你眼前行了这恶,以致你责备我的时候显为公义,判断我的时候显为清正。

诗 51:5我是在罪孽里生的,在我母亲怀胎的时候就有了罪。

诗 51:6你所喜爱的是内里诚实;你在我隐密处,必使我得智能。

诗 51:7求你用牛膝草洁净我,我就干净;求你洗涤我,我就比雪更白。

诗 51:8求你使我得听欢喜快乐的声音,使你所压伤的骨头可以踊跃。

诗 51:9求你掩面不看我的罪,涂抹我一切的罪孽。

诗 51:10 神啊,求你为我造清洁的心,使我里面重新有正直〔或译:坚定〕的灵。

诗 51:11不要丢弃我,使我离开你的面;不要从我收回你的圣灵。

诗 51:12求你使我仍得救恩之乐,赐我乐意的灵扶持我,

诗 51:13我就把你的道指教有过犯的人,罪人必归顺你。

诗 51:14 神啊,你是拯救我的神;求你救我脱离流人血的罪!我的舌头就高声歌唱你的公义。

诗 51:15主啊,求你使我嘴唇张开,我的口便传扬赞美你的话!

诗 51:16你本不喜爱祭物,若喜爱,我就献上;燔祭,你也不喜悦。

诗 51:17 神所要的祭就是忧伤的灵; 神啊,忧伤痛悔的心,你必不轻看。

诗 51:18求你随你的美意善待锡安,建造耶路撒冷的城墙。

诗 51:19那时,你必喜爱公义的祭和燔祭并全牲的燔祭;那时,人必将公牛献在你坛上。

那时候,作为一个王的感受已经深入到大卫的头脑了。他可能一直在想他自己已经高高之上。他把一切他的道德,伦理和顾忌放在一边,而走上一条为满足自己自私欲望的路。一天,大卫王在王宫的平顶上游走,看见赫梯人乌利亚的妻子拔示巴正在沐浴。大卫立刻渴望得到她,他把她带到皇宫并与她通奸犯了罪。然后,巴示巴告诉大卫她怀孕了。大卫为了掩盖自己的罪行,将正在前方作战的乌利亚(拔示巴的丈夫)从军中召集回来,希望乌利亚与拔示巴同房,如此他就可以不被发现是这孩子的父亲。但是,乌利亚不愿意违反以色列关于现役军人的规定,没有回家住宿,而是留在王宫军队中。在让乌利亚与拔示巴同房的再三努力归于失败之后,大卫王写信给他的将军约押,信中命令约押派遣乌利亚作战,然后在激烈的战斗中将他抛弃,使他死在敌人手中。

从这件事上看,大卫并不是处在一个他自己无法控制的冲动之中。他谋略策划这个罪恶的过程,他在事发后努力掩盖事实。这篇诗篇揭示了以色列王大卫所做的蠢事和他在神里面寻求悔过自新。所以诗篇51篇也是一篇罪人悔改的心的祷告。大卫的这个故事可能在各种诠释下被这样那样反复讲述。也可能这个诗篇与你也有关系。但无论如何,诗篇51篇都是让我们在神面前看到一个罪人,那怕他是一国之君,在犯罪之后,都要认罪悔改得到灵里复原过程的情形。

Al Johnson十九岁那年与另外两个人一起抢劫了堪萨斯州的一家银行。在警方追击中他们的车辆撞毁,他的两个同伙因此而死。银行职员错认死去的那两个人是实施抢劫的,于是因当事人死亡这个案子就停止审理下去了。AL也确信他也逃过这个审判。后来,他与一位基督徒女子结婚,甚至自称为也是基督徒。女孩对他的过去一概不知,然而有一天在邮件中有人寄给他一个短简标题是”上帝拯救的计划“。他读了之后,注意到一段圣经经文”无论谁只要他口称主的名他就必得救。“这才认识到这段经文撞击了他的心,这救恩就是为着他的。是神的时间。他此刻被神大大原谅和接纳,他下意识地感到被完全释放。可是在心中那次犯罪真相的罪疚感不时地出来控告他,对隐藏犯罪的懦弱让他心中耻辱。他认识到他的罪的搅扰,也非常地恨恶它。这就是要有一个悔改的心要经历的第一步。大卫选择了不怕人的残言闲语勇敢地面对他的罪归向神,认罪悔改,求神不要离弃他。

悔改: v17  ”诗 51:17 神所要的祭就是忧伤的灵; 神啊,忧伤痛悔的心,你必不轻看。“

大卫讲述了”一个忧伤痛悔的心“ ”痛悔“(contrite)一词的意思是:

弓下腰意识到心灵破产

内在的灵总被罪疚感征服。

我们对违背抵触神有一个真实和深刻的忧痛而且有一个坚定不移的愿望来做改变的事

忧伤痛悔的心

不为自己的罪寻找借口或为其辩解。

不试图愚弄神,其他人和他自己。认识到神所要求的真理和诚实。

不要仅仅意图感到对罪的不好和悔恨。

不去寻求为自己的失败责备环境,他人和神。

记得始祖亚当曾说:”那位禰给我的女人递给我了那果子,于是我就吃了“夏娃指着蛇说:”蛇欺骗了我,于是我就吃了。“ 亚当指责上帝和夏娃,夏娃指责蛇。

难道你不也能够想象一下大卫也会发生同样的事吗?他定会指责神指责神和拔士巴。”主,如果你不让我做王,我就不会有机会上到皇宫殿顶的最高层。此外,难道你没有看见拔士巴那时没有穿任何衣服吗?“

也许我们也会做同样的事:“啊哦,主,如果你与这个性情古怪的人结婚,你也就被骗了”或者“这不是我的错,老板太小气所以我不得不从公司拿东西补充我的生计。”或“若我没有如此不好的邻居,我就不会轻易发脾气。”

一个痛悔忧伤的心认识到罪是:

因为违反了神的律例灵里犯罪

对一切道德正义的人和事的冒犯

心的悖逆,不服从和顽冥不化

当我们意识到我们的罪性,不道德的行为和过失愆尤时以及开始痛伤忧悔中,我们需要知道:

神对空洞且没有实际行动的道歉从来都不感兴趣。

神不想要廉价的应许和立志。

神对我们努力用自己的一点点好行为去抵消做恶的意念一点都不介意

神想望忧伤痛悔的心是一个献在祭坛上的真实祭品,确定要从罪性中回转,完全离弃罪的缠绕。

Al对罪敏感,痛伤忧悔。于是他心里在神面前谦卑下来,决定弃绝他的罪诚心跟随耶稣。当他这样做了,他的生命大大改变。他停止了过去一生中的说谎和欺骗的恶习。在他反复多次思想和祷告后,他承认了他的罪。他的认罪当时成为电视和报纸头条头版。诚实的认罪是我们生命中最为必须的。这也是大卫悔过纠正的另一步。对一个悔改的心下一步该做什么?

认罪:3-4节:“因为,我知道我的过犯;我的罪常在我面前。我向你犯罪,惟独得罪了你;在你眼前行了这恶,以致你责备我的时候显为公义,判断我的时候显为清正。”

对大卫的认罪悔改有三个方面:

他对自己认罪:“我知道,我对罪非常的熟悉,我承认我的罪。我无法否认,也无法逃避当然也无法忘掉。记忆不断像幽灵一样造访我,恶者也一直控告我,罪也在嘲讽我,他总在我面前晃悠。”

他向神认罪:“惟独得罪了你。”

他向以色列民众:“他作这诗,交与伶长。”这意味着在圣殿里诗班向朝拜的以色列民众听。这是一个作为王爆隐私的胆大行为,但是一个真心想要在至高无上的神面前悔改的人,这是想要以此为戒。

伴随着认罪也承认神对他的犯罪的审判和归正以及公义的处置。

大卫不对他灵里和行为上的放荡宽大和自由放纵寻求申诉; 也不对神任何轻重处置判罚有任何怨诉。只是仅仅将他放在“我错了,你是对的!”

真切的认罪要求:

一个正确的对罪评估。它既不是犯了个错误,或一个差错过失,也不是恶作剧和胡闹。

一个对罪的正确态度:那就是厌恶,恶心和拒绝。

涉及罪的情形要有一个正确的行动回应: 弃绝罪,坚定地选择离开罪的场景

认罪也将我们带到耶稣基督的十字架。

在十字架前,我们无法掩盖我们的罪,承认罪相信我们的救主耶稣可以将罪挪去。

所罗门说:“遮掩自己罪过的必不亨通,承认、离弃罪过的必蒙怜恤。”(箴言 28:13 )所以要认罪就要求诚实无伪。

正如先知以赛亚说的:“我有祸了,我灭亡了!因为我是个嘴唇不洁的人,…… ”(以賽亞書 6:5)

也正如西门彼得看见主,就俯伏在耶稣膝前,说:“主啊!离开我,我是个罪人!” (路加福音 5:8)

那税吏远远地站着,连举目望天也不敢,只捶着胸说:‘神啊,开恩可怜我这个罪人!’ (路加福音18:13)

使徒保罗曾经宣称:“基督耶稣降世,为要拯救罪人。这话是可信的,是十分可佩服的。在罪人中我是个罪魁!” (提摩太前書 1:15)

Al 认罪悔改归向耶稣,他去到州政府承认自己抢劫银行的犯罪事实。结果是在堪萨斯州限定法规之下Al被判自由释放。在法律上对他的犯罪事实因着诚实没有施加惩罚于他。大卫经历的似乎要比这件事好得多。对基督徒来说,认罪会对有些事结局更好。一个人若犯罪认罪,将会在神里得到原谅宽恕,公正处理,灵魂拯救。所以,让我们考虑一下。对一个悔改的心最后一步就是:

洁净罪:诗篇57:7,9和10:“求你用牛膝草洁净我,我就干净;求你洗涤我,我就比雪更白。…… 求你掩面不看我的罪,涂抹我一切的罪孽。神啊,求你为我造清洁的心,使我里面重新有正直坚定的灵。”大卫认识到他罪的肮脏和尘灰一心想要洁净完全。

他说道:“求你洁净我,干净我;求你洗涤我。”他所用的词意味着一种完全的搓擦洗净。一幅旧时代的画面上一个妈妈和她的孩子在一个池塘前搓洗孩子的脏手一样妈妈一定是将他的皮肤洗到字面上讲的发亮以及孩子被搓的吱哩哇啦的大叫为止。

他说:“求你涂抹我一切的罪孽。”这里也是一副画,看到一张纸上的污迹被完全涂擦干净,而且一点痕迹都没有。

他说:“求你为我造清洁的心,使我里面重新有正直坚定的灵”大卫知道人心总是倾向于恶。

他知道“耶和华见人在地上罪恶很大,终日所思想的尽都是恶。” (创世纪6:5)

他知道“人心比万物都诡诈,坏到极处,……”

沉溺姑息罪,或假称不知道罪,或不去面对而忽视罪,这些既不是大卫的想望也不是神的意图。

不是我们沉溺放纵罪,也不是为罪找借口,或有意隐藏罪而是当我们经历神的洁净,我们可以知道神救恩的喜乐。

有时,我们会遇到一个敲门的推销员试图让我们买下所谓的“万能清洁剂”。它可以除去一切的果迹和纹身的颜色。可是你发现从来都不会起作用。但是神的洁净从来都没有失效过。“他兒子耶穌的血洗淨我們一切的罪”(约翰一书1:7b)耶稣基督的宝血洁净所有的罪,洁净所有的人,在所有的时间都有功效,永远有功效。

结论

换句话来说,限定法规已经清除了所有要对Al的惩罚。然而,他超出了法律要惩处他的范围,他仍选择将从抢劫银行得来的那份钱如数归还。同时,他成为一个服务站的经理,三个令人羡慕的孩子和一个优秀的教会领袖。但是这不是他独自在做,大卫也不可能靠自己做出来。

有人曾说:“人自己不能独自解决犯罪。我不介意你参加了多少次主日崇拜,或你做的多少好事,你的善在神面前永远都不足够。 你不能因为足够好而应得原谅和饶恕……没有一个人,你我也不例外,无论何人都是如此。休想试着一下消灭掉”。你无法靠你自己做到这一点。若你要这样去试,那也是死路一条。我不介意你现在有多么的不好,但你不至于坏到无法被神赦免。我也不介意你有多好,好到不至于你以你的好去补偿你的罪。所以,你需要一个救主。”然而,对于那些来到神面前寻求认罪悔改的,神就是他的救主。你来到他的面前这样做了吗?你请求祂洁净你的心了吗?你让他转化你的生命了吗? 你愿意经历只有神能够提供的这份救恩吗?这是一个决定的时刻,是你自己请求神来改变你的心的关口?求神引领我们的心思意念。

2016-3-25 翻译自一篇英文讲道。

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Sermon: Psalm 51, A broken and contrite heart

by Matt Slick

“Be gracious to me, O God, according to Your lovingkindness; According to the greatness of Your compassion blot out my transgressions. 2 Wash me thoroughly from my iniquity and cleanse me from my sin. 3 For I know my transgressions,And my sin is ever before me. 4 Against You, You only, I have sinned and done what is evil in Your sight, so that You are justified when You speak and blameless when You judge. 5 Behold, I was brought forth in iniquity, and in sin my mother conceived me. 6 Behold, You desire truth in the innermost being, and in the hidden part You will make me know wisdom. 7 Purify me with hyssop, and I shall be clean; wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow. 8 Make me to hear joy and gladness, let the bones which You have broken rejoice. 9 Hide Your face from my sins and blot out all my iniquities. 10 Create in me a clean heart, O God, and renew a steadfast spirit within me. 11 Do not cast me away from Your presence and do not take Your Holy Spirit from me. 12 Restore to me the joy of Your salvation and sustain me with a willing spirit. 13 Then I will teach transgressors Your ways, and sinners will be converted to You. Deliver me from bloodguiltiness, O God, the God of my salvation; Then my tongue will joyfully sing of Your righteousness. 15 O Lord, open my lips, that my mouth may declare Your praise. 16 For You do not delight in sacrifice, otherwise I would give it; You are not pleased with burnt offering. 17 The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit; A broken and a contrite heart, O God, You will not despise. 18 By Your favor do good to Zion; Build the walls of Jerusalem. 19 Then You will delight in righteous sacrifices, In burnt offering and whole burnt offering; Then young bulls will be offered on Your altar.”

Being king must have gone to David’s head. He may have thought himself above even the Law of God. He set aside all his morals, scruples, and ethics to follow the way of his selfish desire. He looked with lust on Bathsheba as she bathed. He had her brought to his palace and engaged in an adulterous alliance with her. Then when she told him she was pregnant, he tried to cover his sin by having her husband Uriah brought home from battle for some R&R. Uriah refused the luxury of sleeping at home, so David had him abandoned in the front lines of battle where he was slain.

This was no sin of impulse. David wasn’t just caught up in circumstances beyond his control. He planned and plotted to carry out his sin, and he put great effort into concealing it. This Psalm reveals David’s folly and restoration. It is the Psalm of the changed heart. David’s story could be told and retold under a hundred different scenarios. Maybe this Psalm relates your own story. This morning let me relate a situation that parallels and illustrates the universal process of spiritual recovery.

When he was just 19, Al Johnson had joined two other men in robbing a Kansas bank. The case was closed after the two other criminals were killed in an auto crash and were mistakenly identified by bank officials as the robbers. Al felt sure he would never be caught. He married a Christian girl and even pretended to be a Christian. She knew nothing of his past crime. Then someone sent him a tract in the mail entitled, “God’s Plan of Salvation.” Reading it, he noticed the Bible verse that said, “whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord shall be saved.” The realization struck that salvation was for him. He could be forgiven, and his conscience set free. The guilt of his crime accused him, the cowardice of hiding his crime shamed him. He realized his guilt and hated it. That is the first step in having a changed heart. David took it and so must we. What is the first step to a changed heart?

  1. CONTRITION: V17: “The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit; A broken and a contrite heart, O God, Thou wilt not despise.”

    1. David spoke of a broken and contrite heart. The word for “contrite” means:

      1. To be bowed down with the awareness of our spiritual bankruptcy.
      2. That our inner spirit is crushed with a sense of its guilt.
      3. That we have a genuine and deep sorrow for our rebellion against God and a determined desire to do differently.
    2. A contrite heart

      1. Does not seek to rationalize or explain or excuse or defend or justify sin.
      2. Does not try to fool God or others or self. It recognizes that God demands truth and honesty.
      3. Does not mean merely feeling bad or remorseful about sin!
      4. Does not seek to blame circumstances or other people or God for our own failure.

        1. Remember Adam saying, “The woman YOU gave me handed me the fruit and I ate it.  Eve pointed to the serpent and said, “He deceived me and I ate.” He blamed God and Eve. She blamed the serpent.
        2. Can’t you just hear David doing something like that? Blaming God or blaming Bathsheba: “Lord, if you hadn’t made me king, I wouldn’t have been walking on the palace roof in the first place. And besides, did you see what she wasn’t wearing?”
        3. Maybe we do the same thing: “Well, Lord, if you were married to this jerk, you’d cheat too!”  Or “It’s not my fault. The boss is so cheap I have to steal from the company to survive!”  Or, “If I didn’t have such terrible neighbors, I wouldn’t lose my temper as much!”
    3. A contrite heart recognizes that sin is:

      1. A spiritual crime since it is a violation of God’s laws.
      2. An offense against all that is decent and moral and right.
      3. Rebellion, disobedience, and stubbornness of heart.
    4. When we become aware of our sins, iniquities and transgressions, and are contrite, we need to know that:

      1. God isn’t interested in empty apologies.
      2. God doesn’t want cheap promises or resolutions.
      3. God cares nothing for our efforts to balance evil with a little more good.
      4. God desires a broken and contrite heart which is the true sacrifice of one who determines to turn from sin, to forsake sin, and to abandon it.

Al Johnson became convicted of sin, was contrite, humbled his heart, and decided to truly forsake his sin and to follow Jesus Christ. When he did, his life changed. He stopped a lifelong habit of lying and cheating. And after much thought and prayer, he confessed his crime. His confession made television newscasts and newspaper headlines. Honest acknowledgment of sin is an essential in our own lives, too, and it was another step in David’s reclamation. What is the next step in having a changed heart?

  1. CONFESSION: verses 3, 4: “For I know my transgressions, And my sin is ever before me.  4 Against Thee, Thee only, I have sinned, And done what is evil in Thy sight, So that Thou art justified when Thou dost speak, And blameless when Thou dost judge.”

    1. There are two sides to his confession:

      1. He confessed to himself: “I know, I am acquainted with, I recognize my sin! I cannot deny it or escape it or forget it. The memory haunts me, the devil accuses me, the sin taunts me, and it is always before me.”
      2. He confessed to God: “Against You only have I sinned.”
    2. Along with his admission of guilt is a confession of God’s correctness and justice in judging him for his sin. David makes no plea for indulgent lenience or permissiveness, no claim that God is being too hard on him, no appeal for a light sentence. Simply put, it is “I am wrong. You are right!”
    3. Genuine confession demands:

      1. A right estimate of sin. It is not a mistake, or a slip, or mischief.
      2. A right attitude to sin–a loathing, a disgust, a disapproval.
      3. A right conduct regarding sin. A forsaking of and a determined renunciation of sin.
    4. This brings us to the cross of Christ.

      1. At the cross, we do not hide our sins but confess them and trust the Savior to wipe them away.
    5. Solomon said, “He who conceals his transgressions will not prosper, But he who confesses and forsakes them will find compassion,” Proverbs 28:13. To confess demands the honesty of:

      1. It was Isaiah who said, “Woe is me, for I am ruined! Because I am a man of unclean lips, . . . ” Isaiah 6:5
      2. It was Peter who fell at Jesus’ feet and said, “Depart from me, for I am a sinful man, O Lord!” Luke 5:8
      3. The publican smote his breast and prayed, “God, be merciful to me, the sinner!” Luke 18:13
      4. Paul who declared, “It is a trustworthy statement, deserving full acceptance, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners, among whom I am foremost of all,” 1 Timothy 1:15.

Al Johnson, convicted of sin, converted to Christ, went and tried to make things right with the state by confessing his crime. As it turned out, under a Kansas statute of limitations, he was set free. There was no penalty that could legally attach to him for his crime. David experienced something even better than that. And there is something even better for the Christian. There is forgiveness, justification, salvation. Let’s consider, then, the last step in having a changed heart:

  1. CLEANSING: verses 7, 9, 10: “Purify me with hyssop, and I shall be clean; Wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow. . . 9 Hide Thy face from my sins, And blot out all my iniquities. 10 Create in me a clean heart, O God, And renew a steadfast spirit within me.”

    1. David recognized the filth and grime of his sin and wanted to be cleansed of it.

      1. He said, “Purge me, purify me, wash me.” The words he uses imply a thorough scrubbing. One pictures an old time mother with her child at the sink scrubbing him until his skin literally shines and squeaks.
      2. He said, “Blot out my iniquities.” It is the image of erasure where a mark is totally obliterated, wiped away, and removed.
      3. He said, “Create in me a clean heart, and renew a right spirit within me.” David knew the inclination of one’s heart to evil.

        1. He knew that “every intent of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually,” Genesis 6:5
        2. He knew that “The heart is more deceitful than all else And is desperately sick,” Jeremiah 17:9
    2. It was not David’s desire nor God’s intent to gloss over or to wink at or to indulge sin. Sin had to go.
    3. It is not while we indulge, or excuse, or conceal sin but when we have experienced God’s cleansing that we can know the joy of His salvation.
    4. Sometimes we have door-to-door salesmen trying to sell us some “Miracle Cleaner” that will remove everything from berry stains to tattoos. Never works! But God has a cleanser that never fails: “the blood of Jesus His Son cleanses us from all sin,” 1 John 1:7. All sin, all times, all people, always.

Conclusion

In a sense, the statute of limitations had cleansed all Al of punishment. Yet, although he was beyond the scope of law to punish him, he still chose to repay his share of the stolen funds to the bank. In time, he became the manager of a service station, the father of three admiring children, and an outstanding Christian layman. But he didn’t do that alone. David couldn’t do it alone.

Someone once said, “Man cannot cope with guilt alone. I don’t care how many worship services you attend or good deeds you do, your goodness is insufficient. You can’t be good enough to deserve forgiveness . . . No one. Not you, not me, not anyone. Quit trying to quench your own guilt. You can’t do it. There’s no way. I don’t care how bad you are. You can’t be bad enough to forget it. And I don’t care how good you are, you can’t be good enough to overcome it. You need a Savior.” And, for those who come to Jesus Christ in contrition and confession, He is that Savior. Will you come to Him? Will you ask Him to cleanse your heart? Will you allow Him to transform your life? Will you experience the salvation He and He only can provide? This is the moment to decide as you ask Him to change your heart.

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