进入冬季前,加拿大房屋过冬保养十大事项

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随着枫叶飘落,秋雨纷飞,从今天开始到2016年3月13日,加拿大正式使用冬令时了。大家记得把时钟往回拨一个小时,原来的9点变成了现在的8点钟,因此大多伦多地区的时间比北京时间慢13个小时。

要进入冬季了,想想千里冰封,万里雪飘的美景实在是美!可是实实在在地我们还是要对自己的房屋做好过冬准备。

室内篇


一、更换暖气炉过滤板

进入11月,加拿大多伦多地区的房屋主人们都已开启了自家的暖气炉供暖了。暖气炉的过滤板(Furnace Filter)最好每3个月换一次,新房屋至少半年也要更换过滤板。如果是自己动手,要注意先将暖炉电源关掉,再更换过滤板。值得一提的是,如果您的房屋空置,您也不能把暖气系统关闭,一般设置暖气17°左右以防家中的水喉、暖气系统、自动洒水系统低温爆裂


二、更换中央加湿器滤网:


中央加湿器就如同人的肺,过滤出干净湿润的空气,这点对家人有过敏体质的家庭很重要。如果您的中央加湿器需要更换滤网,要定期更换,不然会生霉菌。


三、烟囱和壁炉:


有些仍用传统式的烧木材壁炉的老宅而言,因为这类的壁炉是内设通风口,如果今年冬天不打算使用壁炉,那么就要将通风口关闭严实,以防室内暖气流失。另外也要检查屋顶的烟囱是否有枯枝落叶,杜绝火灾隐患。


四、烟雾报警器和CO(一氧化碳)探测器:


加拿大的房屋内需要每层安有一个一氧化碳探测器和烟雾报警器,并要每月定期检查是否工作。测试方法很简单,只要按下写着test的按钮,就能确认CO探测器和烟雾报警器是否需要更换。一般情况下,5至7年就需要换个新的测试器了。如果CO探测器和烟雾报警器电力不足,会有红色小灯闪烁或声音提示,需尽快更换电池。


五、阁楼 (ATTIC):

确保阁楼有正当的绝缘和通风,记下屋顶漏水的迹象、底部板子缝际或分开的迹象,并及时修理。检查阁楼是否霜冻积累和屋顶上是否有冰坝和冰柱,确保每根连接排气扇的管道有隔热处理和蒸气屏障层,并且通往室外。

室外篇:


六、门和窗户


仔细检查门窗是否漏气,可晢时用密封条或者去除性的嵌封剂封好,到春天再修理更换。如果不想要更换整套窗户,可以购买一个叫做Window Insulator Kit的透明防风隔离层。相较于动辄几千元的全套窗户更换费,这个维修包只需二三十元,处理窗户缝隙漏风不成问题。如果玻璃窗的密封条脱落,可在Home Depot单独购买到像是牙膏一样挤压用的密封胶(Silicone for Window and Door Caulk)来重新密封,这样就不怕会白白浪费暖气。


七、室外水管和自动洒水系统


户外水龙头一定要排空水,以免温度下降到零度以下后,水管爆裂。夏季浇花打理庭院的室外用水管,冬季来临前要将水阀放水关紧,以免管道内的存水结冰胀裂水管,倒灌进地下室。这样的水阀通常有两个开关,分别在外墙和车库内。正确做法是先将室内水龙头关紧,打开室外开关排出水管内的积存水分。如果安有自动洒水系统,现在也可以关闭了。


八、排水槽:


排水槽,是收集屋顶的雨水雪水,顺着水管,排到地面上的管道。下雪前一定要将屋顶排水槽(Gutter)内的落叶清理干净以防融雪排水不畅。

九、人行道/车道


大部分加国的屋主都习惯在冬天往车路和上行人道撒盐,如果车道和行人道上有裂缝,盐粒只会令缝隙增大,形成坑洞,凹凸不。可以试试在路面扫些防水层修补裂缝和洞隙,这样可以延长道路的寿命。

十、冬季储备品:


每户均可储备一些融雪盐(Ice Salt)、雪铲(Snow Pusher)、汽车玻璃融雪剂(Windshield Washer)、除雪刷(Snow Brush)等。


另外要将一些室外家具搬进家里延长使用寿命;室内浴室、浴盆季度性补胶和清理霉菌;家里的室内外游泳池、池塘和露台等根据各家情况也要做好越冬准备。

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